Cadmium Added to Priority Testing List Out of Concern for Presence in Products

A federal advisory committee is adding cadmium and 103 cadmium compounds to the Priority Testing List established under the Toxic Substances Control Act.

The TSCA Interagency Testing Committee explained that it is taking the action because the Environmental Protection Agency and the Consumer Product Safety Commission are concerned about cadmium and cadmium compounds in children's toys, jewelry, and other consumer products.

The committee revises the Priority Testing List and recommends testing or information gathering every six months under Section 4(e) of TSCA. Its decision was detailed in a notice scheduled for publication in the Aug. 1 Federal Register.

Cadmium has been shown to harm development in animals, resulting in fetal malformations and other effects, but no conclusive evidence exists for such effects in humans, the committee said. The metal also is known to cause lung irritation in humans and over the long term can cause kidney disease.

The listing will provide EPA and the CPSC with a streamlined means of obtaining studies, through requirements that manufacturers and importers submit certain production and exposure information.

Cadmium has been of sufficient concern that the European Commission acted in May to ban the use of cadmium in plastics and jewelry, effective Dec. 20 (35 CRR 540, 5/30/11).

Some Chemicals Taken Off List

In other action, the Interagency Testing Committee removed 29 chemicals from the list because EPA has included them in a proposed testing rule.

Those chemicals are in a high-production-volume (HPV) category and are included in the HPV Challenge Program, established to obtain more data on chemicals from industry.

The committee also removed lead and 11 lead compounds from the list because EPA has done what the committee had recommended earlier in terms of information gathering on those substances. Specifically, EPA has reviewed certain unpublished health and safety studies on those substances.

A 30-day public comment period will start with publication of the notice in the Federal Register. Comments can be submitted through the http://www.regulations.gov website by using the docket identification number EPA-HQ-OPPT-2011-0437.

For more information contact John D. Walker, Interagency Testing Committee, EPA, telephone (202) 564-7527, e-mail walker.johnd@epa.gov.

By Alan Kovski  

The prepublication notice on changes to the Priority Testing List under the Toxic Substances Control Act, including the 103 cadmium compounds added to the list and the 41 chemicals removed from the list, is available at http://op.bna.com/env.nsf/r?Open=jsml-8k8rad .