State of Florida v. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Nos. 11-CV-11021 & 11-CV-11067, 2011 BL 210461 (11th Cir. Aug. 12, 2011) The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit held that the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act's (PPACA) "individual mandate" requiring uninsured U.S. citizens to purchase minimum healthcare insurance or pay a penalty was unconstitutional. The majority opinion concluded that the individual mandate exceeded congressional authority because it was not enacted pursuant to Congress's tax power and exceeded Congress's power under the Commerce Clause of the Constitution. Further, the Court concluded that the individual mandate was severable from the remainder of the PPACA, including those provisions affecting employers. The Court also held that the PPACA's expansion of Medicaid was constitutional. Thus, the Court affirmed summary judgment in favor of the plaintiffs —26 states, a business federation, and two individuals — on the PPACA's individual mandate, but reversed the district court's holding that the Medicaid provisions and the PPACA in its entirety were unconstitutional.
Constitutionality of the Individual Mandate
Employment Related Provisions
PPACA's Impact on Group Healthcare Plans
To view additional stories from Bloomberg Law® request a demo now