IBM Lost Drives Containing Personal Medical Information
Standing Required Real and Immediate Harm
To demonstrate standing, a plaintiff must (1) have suffered an injury in fact — an invasion of a legally protected interest which is (a) concrete and particularized and (b) actual or imminent, not conjectural or hypothetical; (2) there must be a causal connection between the injury and the conduct complained of — the injury has to be fairly ... traceable to the challenged action of the defendant, and not . . . the result [of] the independent action of some third party not before the court; and (3) it must be likely, as opposed to merely speculative, that the injury will be redressed by a favorable decision.
Plaintiffs Did Not Allege Real Harm
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