+1 212 318 2000
Europe, Middle East, & Africa
+44 20 7330 7500
+65 6212 1000
Susan M. Greenwood | Bloomberg Law Lawrence v. Bank of America, N.A., No. 11-12401, 2012 BL 6087 (11th Cir. Jan. 11, 2012) In an unpublished decision, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit affirmed dismissal of plaintiff's common law action alleging that Bank of America, N.A. (BOA) aided and abetted a Ponzi scheme orchestrated by one of its account holders.
According to plaintiffs, Beau Diamond ran a Ponzi scheme through his company Diamond Ventures LLC. Investors deposited funds in Diamond's BOA account for him to trade in off-exchange foreign currency markets. Although Diamond guaranteed the safety of investors' funds—and promised a monthly return of 2.75 to 5 percent—he diverted millions of dollars for gambling and other personal expenditures. Investors flocked to Diamond and the amount of funds he deposited with BOA qualified his account for BOA's premier banking division (PBD). PBD provided a "more in-depth review of the clients' accounts" and allowed PBD representatives to access Diamond's account and receive daily updates on deposits and wire transfers. Plaintiffs alleged that PBD's review of Diamond's account should have revealed (1) $37.6 million deposited by 200 investors, (2) $15.4 million transferred to foreign exchange companies, (3) no profits transferred from the foreign-exchange companies to Diamond, and (4) checks totaling $15.6 million sent to investors. From these facts, plaintiffs contend, PBD and BOA should have known that Diamond used new client deposits, rather than profits, to pay earlier investors. In addition, Diamond provided BOA with other information that allegedly revealed his fraud including (1) large deposits and withdrawals of money, (2) wire transfers unrelated to legitimate business activity, and (3) characterization of his business as an "investment club."
Plaintiffs alleged that BOA aided and abetted the Ponzi scheme under theories of common law fraud, conversion, and breach of fiduciary duty. In rejecting all three theories, the Eleventh Circuit reviewed the elements of an aiding and abetting claim under Florida law: (1) an underlying violation by the primary wrongdoer, (2) knowledge of the underlying violation by the aider and abettor, and (3) substantial assistance in the wrongdoing by the aider and abettor. BOA, the Court said, provided "only routine banking services" to Diamond and under Florida law was not required to investigate his transactions. Accordingly, allegations that "the transactions were atypical and therefore [BOA] should have known of the Ponzi scheme" are insufficient to plead aiding and abetting liability.
The Eleventh Circuit further affirmed the district court's refusal to grant plaintiffs leave to amend their complaint. Plaintiffs planned to add allegations that a PBD representative told a BOA customer that members of Diamond's investment club were "happy" with the investment. To plaintiffs, this statement revealed that BOA took part in the Ponzi scheme. The Eleventh Circuit, however, held that plaintiffs' interpretation was not plausible. "Rather," said the Court, "such a positive comment would more easily be interpreted to demonstrate [BOA's] lack of awareness of Diamond's fraudulent activities."
This document and any discussions set forth herein are for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice, which has to be addressed to particular facts and circumstances involved in any given situation. Review or use of the document and any discussions does not create an attorney-client relationship with the author or publisher. To the extent that this document may contain suggested provisions, they will require modification to suit a particular transaction, jurisdiction or situation. Please consult with an attorney with the appropriate level of experience if you have any questions. Any tax information contained in the document or discussions is not intended to be used, and cannot be used, for purposes of avoiding penalties imposed under the United States Internal Revenue Code. Any opinions expressed are those of the author. The Bureau of National Affairs, Inc. and its affiliated entities do not take responsibility for the content in this document or discussions and do not make any representation or warranty as to their completeness or accuracy.©2014 The Bureau of National Affairs, Inc. All rights reserved. Bloomberg Law Reports ® is a registered trademark and service mark of The Bureau of National Affairs, Inc.
All Bloomberg BNA treatises are available on standing order, which ensures you will always receive the most current edition of the book or supplement of the title you have ordered from Bloomberg BNA’s book division. As soon as a new supplement or edition is published (usually annually) for a title you’ve previously purchased and requested to be placed on standing order, we’ll ship it to you to review for 30 days without any obligation. During this period, you can either (a) honor the invoice and receive a 5% discount (in addition to any other discounts you may qualify for) off the then-current price of the update, plus shipping and handling or (b) return the book(s), in which case, your invoice will be cancelled upon receipt of the book(s). Call us for a prepaid UPS label for your return. It’s as simple and easy as that. Most importantly, standing orders mean you will never have to worry about the timeliness of the information you’re relying on. And, you may discontinue standing orders at any time by contacting us at 1.800.960.1220 or by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Put me on standing order at a 5% discount off list price of all future updates, in addition to any other discounts I may quality for. (Returnable within 30 days.)
Notify me when updates are available (No standing order will be created).