Turn to the nation's most objective and informative daily environmental news resource to learn how the United States and key players around the world are responding to the environmental...
By Pat Rizzuto
July 31 — Clothing and retail companies can help reduce children's exposure to nickel and the skin allergies the metal can cause, according to a study to be published online in Pediatrics Aug. 3.
Nickel-containing belt buckles combined with low-waist jeans, which can increase the amount of stomach skin touching the nickel, may contribute to the increased rate of dermatitis being diagnosed in children, wrote a dermatology team led by Sharon Jacob with California's Loma Linda University.
“As harmless as a belt buckle may appear to be it can be a significant sensitizer in the pediatric population at risk for nickel allergic contact dermatitis,” the dermatologists wrote in “Belt Buckles—Increasing Awareness of Nickel Exposure in Children: A Case Report.”
“A medical history of nickel allergy increases the risk for future disabling hand dermatitis, which has a staggering annual societal per-patient cost of $9,575 dollars,” the dermatology team said.
Nickel is a recognized contributor to dermatitis, and some clothing companies, retail stores and governments already are addressing it, the authors said.
• Walmart plans to sell a clothing line with limited nickel for children;
• companies such as Levi Strauss & Co. are restricting nickel in jean snaps; and
• the European Union's REACH regulation (1907/2006/EC), which superseded the EU’s Nickel Directive, says the rate of nickel that can be released from objects such as earrings, anklets, rings, rivets, wrist watches and zippers must not exceed 0.5 micrograms per square centimeter per week.
Further collaboration among medical professionals, manufacturers and legislators can encourage such developments, the team said. It based that conclusion on the evaluation by physicians of 12 patients aged 9 years to 15 years.
The case study showed that switching to a different metal for the belt buckles, in this case brass, helped eliminate the skin allergy within one week to five weeks, the team said.
Clothing styles and the size of people's bodies are contributing to the exposure potential, the authors wrote.
“[E]xposure of extraneous abdominal tissue to metal via low-waist jeans may yield a higher surface area for nickel content,” they wrote.
Two American Academy of Dermatology committees are working on a position statement they hope will spur further reductions in nickel where it could contact skin, Jacob told Bloomberg BNA by e-mail.
To contact the reporter on this story: Pat Rizzuto in Washington at firstname.lastname@example.org
To contact the editor responsible for this story: Larry Pearl at email@example.com
Abstracts of studies published online in Pediatrics are available at http://www.jpeds.com/, which has instructions about purchasing the full study.
All Bloomberg BNA treatises are available on standing order, which ensures you will always receive the most current edition of the book or supplement of the title you have ordered from Bloomberg BNA’s book division. As soon as a new supplement or edition is published (usually annually) for a title you’ve previously purchased and requested to be placed on standing order, we’ll ship it to you to review for 30 days without any obligation. During this period, you can either (a) honor the invoice and receive a 5% discount (in addition to any other discounts you may qualify for) off the then-current price of the update, plus shipping and handling or (b) return the book(s), in which case, your invoice will be cancelled upon receipt of the book(s). Call us for a prepaid UPS label for your return. It’s as simple and easy as that. Most importantly, standing orders mean you will never have to worry about the timeliness of the information you’re relying on. And, you may discontinue standing orders at any time by contacting us at 1.800.960.1220 or by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Put me on standing order at a 5% discount off list price of all future updates, in addition to any other discounts I may quality for. (Returnable within 30 days.)
Notify me when updates are available (No standing order will be created).
This Bloomberg BNA report is available on standing order, which ensures you will all receive the latest edition. This report is updated annually and we will send you the latest edition once it has been published. By signing up for standing order you will never have to worry about the timeliness of the information you need. And, you may discontinue standing orders at any time by contacting us at 1.800.372.1033, option 5, or by sending us an email to email@example.com.
Put me on standing order
Notify me when new releases are available (no standing order will be created)