Turn to the nation's most objective and informative daily environmental news resource to learn how the United States and key players around the world are responding to the environmental...
By Pat Rizzuto
July 3 — Advisers to the International Agency for Research on Cancer have recommended the agency evaluate dozens of chemicals, pesticides, food contact substances and occupational situations for their potential to cause cancer in people.
IARC recently published the recommendations its advisory group made at a meeting in April.
IARC's conclusions about carcinogenicity are used around the world as government agencies make regulatory decisions. For example, California uses IARC's conclusions to help determine whether businesses must provide hazard warnings for specific chemicals in accordance with the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986, better known as Proposition 65.
IARC is scheduled to evaluate carbon nanotubes, one category of chemicals on its priorities list, Sept. 30 to Oct. 7.
The importance of these and other compounds IARC will evaluate is illustrated by information the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has provided.
“Carbon nanotubes and nanofibers are some of the most promising materials to result from nanotechnology,” NIOSH wrote in Current Intelligence Bulletin 65. “Carbon nanotubes and nanofibers are commercially used in a variety of applications. These include electronics, lithium-ion batteries, solar cells, super capacitors, thermoplastics, polymer composites, coatings, adhesives, biosensors, enhanced electron/scanning microscopy imaging techniques, and inks. They are also used in pharmaceutical/biomedical devices for bone grafting, tissue repair, drug delivery, and medical diagnostics,” NIOSH wrote. The introduction of these materials and products using them into commerce has increased greatly in the last decade, it wrote.
Other chemicals, pesticides, food contact substances and occupational situations the advisers recommended IARC evaluate included:
IARC's advisers offered recommendations about other topics they discussed in April.
For example, they encouraged the international agency, which is part of the World Health Organization, to continue exploring the use of systematic review.
Systematic review consists of distinct, consecutive steps to evaluate scientific studies and determine whether information they contain should be included in an assessment.
Those steps could include identifying the key words and procedures used to search scientific literature; establishing criteria to determine whether scientific studies are relevant for inclusion; assessing study quality; developing procedures to extract data from studies; synthesizing data from human, animal and other sources; and, finally, integrating those diverse sources of information or “evidence streams” to reach conclusions about the hazards posed by a chemical, group of chemicals or exposure scenario.
The U.S. National Toxicology Program and Environmental Protection Agency briefed the IARC advisers about their efforts to develop ways to conduct systematic reviews.
IARC's advisers encouraged the international agency to implement systematic-review tools as appropriate for its work.
“Standardizing literature searches and creating databases of information on study designs and results could increase transparency and rigor. These can also serve as a starting point for subsequent updates or be shared across health agencies,” the advisors' recommendations said.
To contact the reporter on this story: Pat Rizzuto in Washington at email@example.com
To contact the editor responsible for this story: Larry Pearl at firstname.lastname@example.org
The recommended priorities for IARC are available at http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Publications/internrep/14-002.pdf.
All Bloomberg BNA treatises are available on standing order, which ensures you will always receive the most current edition of the book or supplement of the title you have ordered from Bloomberg BNA’s book division. As soon as a new supplement or edition is published (usually annually) for a title you’ve previously purchased and requested to be placed on standing order, we’ll ship it to you to review for 30 days without any obligation. During this period, you can either (a) honor the invoice and receive a 5% discount (in addition to any other discounts you may qualify for) off the then-current price of the update, plus shipping and handling or (b) return the book(s), in which case, your invoice will be cancelled upon receipt of the book(s). Call us for a prepaid UPS label for your return. It’s as simple and easy as that. Most importantly, standing orders mean you will never have to worry about the timeliness of the information you’re relying on. And, you may discontinue standing orders at any time by contacting us at 1.800.960.1220 or by sending an email to email@example.com.
Put me on standing order at a 5% discount off list price of all future updates, in addition to any other discounts I may quality for. (Returnable within 30 days.)
Notify me when updates are available (No standing order will be created).
This Bloomberg BNA report is available on standing order, which ensures you will all receive the latest edition. This report is updated annually and we will send you the latest edition once it has been published. By signing up for standing order you will never have to worry about the timeliness of the information you need. And, you may discontinue standing orders at any time by contacting us at 1.800.372.1033, option 5, or by sending us an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Put me on standing order
Notify me when new releases are available (no standing order will be created)