By Jeff Bater
Sept. 23 — The Federal Reserve approved enhancements to its same-day automated clearing house (ACH) service that would require much wider adoption by banks, a move that the industry says will improve the nation's payment system.
The changes, which become effective in September 2016, require banks that receive payments to participate in the service. In addition, banks that originate transactions must pay a fee to the receiving institutions for each same-day ACH forward transaction.
The Fed proposed the enhancements in May, two days after NACHA, The Electronic Payments Association, which is an industry group, announced it approved changes to its operating rules that will allow same-day clearing and settlement. NACHA manages the ACH network, which is considered the backbone for the electronic movement of money and data. The group represents financial institutions via regional payments associations and direct membership.
“The enhancements are intended to align the Reserve Banks' same-day ACH service with recent amendments to NACHA's ACH operating rules and will facilitate the use of the ACH network for certain time-critical payments, accelerate final settlement, and improve funds availability to payment recipients,” the Fed said Sept. 23 in announcing the enhancements.
The amendment adopted by NACHA to its rules is known as Same Day ACH, which enables a ubiquitous same-day capability for virtually any ACH transaction.
“With the Federal Reserve’s support of the NACHA rule, the industry’s commitment to modernizing the payments system and enabling a ubiquitous faster payment option can be fully realized,” NACHA President Janet O. Estep said in a news release. “Same Day ACH is a game changer as it will enable new options for consumers, businesses and government entities that want to move money faster, and will serve as a building block for enabling payments innovation in the development of new products and services.”
The interbank fee approved by the Fed as part of the enhancements is not to exceed 5.2 cents for each forward same-day transaction. The fee lets receiving banks offset costs associated with upfront investments and ongoing operating costs necessary for accepting, posting, and making funds available from same-day transactions. The fee would be reduced if same-day ACH volume exceeds projections by more than 25 percent during one of the regularly scheduled review periods.
Camden Fine, the president of the Independent Community Bankers of America, said in a statement that universal same-day ACH capability supported by an interbank fee represents “a significant improvement for the nation’s payment system that would benefit consumers and businesses.”
“ICBA has been a long-time proponent of faster, more efficient and ubiquitous bank-centric payments,” said Fine, adding that his group continues to actively participate in the Fed’s payment system improvement initiatives.
In January, the Fed, responding to the impact of faster technology and cyberthreats, released a detailed plan for collaborating with the industry to improve speed and security of the U.S. payment system. The regulatory agency envisions collaborating with industry, including emerging payments firms, card networks, payment processors, consumers, and banks.
The ACH network serves as a nationwide mechanism for processing batch-based credit and debit transfers electronically. The private sector and the Fed jointly developed the ACH network as an electronic alternative to checks because their growth in the late 1960s and early 1970s was creating operational and cost burdens.
Currently, the ACH network consists of two operators: the Fed reserve banks, through FedACH, and The Clearing House (TCH), through the Electronic Payments Network (EPN). Both operators provide services to enable banks to originate ACH transactions and to receive ACH transactions.
The reserve banks’ current FedACH SameDay Service is an optional service that allows sending banks to originate same-day payments to all receiving participants that agree to accept such payments. The reserve banks began offering the service in 2010 to address growing market demand for intraday ACH processing and settlement. However, in the five years since its introduction, the FedACH SameDay Service has had limited adoption, with only 78 institutions—less than 1 percent of FedACH customers—currently using the service.
When the Fed's board put forth its proposal in May, it sought industry comment on the suggested enhancements to the same-day service. In a Federal Register notice accompanying its news release, the Fed said 37 commenters addressed mandatory receipt of same-day ACH transactions and 29 of those believed mandatory receipt is critical to the success of a same-day ACH service.
“The Board believes, and commenters supporting mandatory receipt agreed, that the limited adoption of the Reserve Banks’ current FedACH SameDay Service demonstrates an optional service cannot achieve the ubiquity necessary to establish a successful same-day ACH service,” the Fed said. “The Board agrees with the majority of commenters that mandating receipt of same-day ACH transactions is the only practical method to achieve that necessary ubiquity and the corresponding benefits.”
The Clearing House (TCH), a banking association and payments company owned by the world's largest commercial banks, welcomed the Fed’s decision to adopt NACHA’s rules for same-day ACH. TCH is the only private-sector ACH operator in the U.S. and says it processes around 50 percent of all commercial ACH volume in the country. Its customers include credit unions, commercial banks, savings banks and savings and loans.
“The industry is committed to making progress in faster payments and is taking action to support faster payments innovations and full adoption of NACHA’s same-day ACH rules is one important step in that effort,” said Dave Fortney, executive vice president for product development and management at The Clearing House. “Now that the Federal Reserve has followed suit in confirming its support for NACHA’s same-day ACH rules, consumers will soon reap new benefits in faster payments that they deserve. Adoption of same-day ACH settlement will both complement and build momentum for TCH’s real-time payment system initiative. Same-day ACH and real-time payments are examples of how the industry is listening to their customers and working to provide them distinct payment options that will enable them to choose the speed and features they desire for their payments.”
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The Fed's news release and Federal register notice are viewable at http://op.bna.com/bar.nsf/r?Open=jbar-a2mlkl.
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