For over 50 years, Bloomberg BNA’s renowned flagship daily news service, Daily Tax Report® has helped leading practitioners and policymakers stay on the cutting edge of taxation and...
Feb. 19 — Google saved $2.4 billion in worldwide taxes in 2014 by shifting 10.7 billion euros ($12 billion) in international revenue to a Bermuda shell company, according to regulatory filings.
The amount Google Inc. moved through its Dutch subsidiary, Google Netherlands Holdings BV, and then on to Bermuda represents the bulk of its profits overseas. The amount transferred to Bermuda was 16 percent greater than the prior year, according to documents the subsidiary filed with the Dutch Chamber of Commerce on Feb. 4 and made available this week. The filing was first reported by the Dutch magazine Quote.
The revelation comes as Google faces outrage in Europe over the small amount of tax it pays in the region. Last month, after Google reached a controversial 130 million pound settlement with the U.K. government over an audit covering 10 years of accounts, critics called the amount “derisory.” The deal spawned parliamentary hearings, a government audit and scrutiny from the European Union. France and Italy are also reportedly in discussions with Google to settle ongoing tax disputes. Outside of Europe, legislators in Australia have in recent weeks questioned whether the company is paying a fair share of tax there.
“Google complies with the tax laws in every country where we operate,” the company said in an e-mailed statement.
Google's Dutch subsidiary is at the heart of tax structures known as “Double Irish” and “Dutch Sandwich” because they involve moving money from one Google subsidiary in Ireland to a Google subsidiary in the Netherlands before moving it out again to a different Irish subsidiary, physically based in Bermuda, where there is no corporate income tax.
This movement of cash enables Google parent, Alphabet Inc., to keep the effective tax rate on its international income in the single digits. For 2015, Alphabet reported its average tax rate outside the U.S. was just 6.3 percent, according to a calculation using the income from foreign operations and the foreign income tax reported in its U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission filings. Figures for 2015 revenue moved through Google's Dutch subsidiary aren't available.
The company says this calculation doesn't reflect the methods actually used to determine its international taxes in any jurisdiction. Those methods involve transfer pricing, where payments between various international subsidiaries are used to attribute profit to the geographies where economic value is deemed to have been created. The amount of these payments is based on estimates of what similar transactions with an unrelated company would cost. Google attributes most of the economic value of its products to its research and development operations in the U.S. and, in the case of its overseas sales, to its Bermuda-based subsidiary, which holds the international licenses for Google's intellectual property.
The Irish tax provision that makes the “Double Irish” possible was closed by the Irish parliament last year. But companies already using the structure can continue to employ it until the end of 2020.
Tom Hutchinson, Google's vice president for finance, recently defended the company's tax arrangements before a U.K. parliamentary committee (29 DTR I-2, 2/12/16).
Noting that its average global tax rate for the past five years was 19 percent, Hutchinson said Google paid “a fair amount” of tax worldwide.
He also said that the complex structure through which Google moves most of its international profits through its Dutch subsidiary and then on to Bermuda “made sense” given that the U.S. government taxes companies on their foreign income if they bring it back into the U.S. This gives multinationals an incentive to keep those profits overseas and in locations with little or no corporate tax.
At the end of 2015, Alphabet's foreign subsidiaries were holding $43 billion in cash untaxed by the U.S., according to the company's SEC filings.
To contact the reporters on this story: Jeremy Kahn in London at email@example.com and Jesse Drucker in New York at firstname.lastname@example.org
To contact the editor responsible for this story: Nate Lanxon at email@example.com
©2016 Bloomberg L.P. All rights reserved. Used with permission
All Bloomberg BNA treatises are available on standing order, which ensures you will always receive the most current edition of the book or supplement of the title you have ordered from Bloomberg BNA’s book division. As soon as a new supplement or edition is published (usually annually) for a title you’ve previously purchased and requested to be placed on standing order, we’ll ship it to you to review for 30 days without any obligation. During this period, you can either (a) honor the invoice and receive a 5% discount (in addition to any other discounts you may qualify for) off the then-current price of the update, plus shipping and handling or (b) return the book(s), in which case, your invoice will be cancelled upon receipt of the book(s). Call us for a prepaid UPS label for your return. It’s as simple and easy as that. Most importantly, standing orders mean you will never have to worry about the timeliness of the information you’re relying on. And, you may discontinue standing orders at any time by contacting us at 1.800.960.1220 or by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Put me on standing order at a 5% discount off list price of all future updates, in addition to any other discounts I may quality for. (Returnable within 30 days.)
Notify me when updates are available (No standing order will be created).
This Bloomberg BNA report is available on standing order, which ensures you will all receive the latest edition. This report is updated annually and we will send you the latest edition once it has been published. By signing up for standing order you will never have to worry about the timeliness of the information you need. And, you may discontinue standing orders at any time by contacting us at 1.800.372.1033, option 5, or by sending us an email to email@example.com.
Put me on standing order
Notify me when new releases are available (no standing order will be created)