The global solution for human resource professionals, combines custom research, strategic white papers, country primers, webinars and OnDemand educational programs, and the expert guidance...
By Jenny David
Aug. 4--Gender inequality remains stubbornly high in Israel's labor market, corporate world and politics even though women have closed the educational gap, according to the Van Leer Institute's 2015 Gender Index.
While noting slight improvements, the report said there has yet to be significant change that would close the labor--and resulting economic--gaps.
“Women are acquiring human capital to integrate into the public arena, but [due to structural and cultural obstacles] they are not successfully translating this into workforce achievement or a narrowing of the gaps in political and economic power,” the researchers said in a July 21 release.
“The belief that we will succeed if we study and work hard has been smashed,“ said Hagar Tzameret Kertcher, who developed the index in 2004. ”Higher education has become less significant to advancement and reaching senior positions. There's a sort of covenant between us and the state that we can achieve everything and get the same employment terms if we move along some track, but in actuality we see that opportunities for women are not equal.”
In 2013, the last year for which statistics are available, Israeli working women earned an average 68 percent of what their male colleagues did, slightly up from 66 percent in 2010-2012, the index found, attributing the gap in part to women's tendency to work part-time. In addition, more men participated in the workforce--69.4 percent compared to women's 58.2 percent--and the poverty rate among women was also higher: 18.4 percent compared to men's 16.5 percent.
Although women's status has improved slightly over the past decade, “the depth of inequality in all the indexes remains high (59 percent), particularly in the power, workforce and occupational segregation indexes,” the report noted.
“These findings reflect the enormous challenge we still face in promoting equality between women and men in Israel,” the report concluded, attributing part of the reduction in gender-based labor inequality to “a general worsening of employment outlooks for men and women alike, not from an improvement in women's situation.”
In academia, for example, even though 48.3 percent of Israeli women have 13 or more years of schooling compared to 45.4 percent of men, only one in every five Israeli professors is a woman. In the corporate world as well, almost six times more men than women ran their own businesses in 2013, and in politics, even though a record number of women serve in the current Knesset (parliament), they still number only 28 of 120 (23 percent). The proportion of female ministers also increased, but only because there are now fewer ministers, the index noted.
Educational and occupational segregation also worsened significantly, mainly on religious grounds.
Naomi Chazan, a co-author of the report, said affirmative action is needed to address the situation.
“Among other things, numerical targets should be set for key public sector positions in order to increase the representation of women in a relatively short period of time,” Chazan said.
All Bloomberg BNA treatises are available on standing order, which ensures you will always receive the most current edition of the book or supplement of the title you have ordered from Bloomberg BNA’s book division. As soon as a new supplement or edition is published (usually annually) for a title you’ve previously purchased and requested to be placed on standing order, we’ll ship it to you to review for 30 days without any obligation. During this period, you can either (a) honor the invoice and receive a 5% discount (in addition to any other discounts you may qualify for) off the then-current price of the update, plus shipping and handling or (b) return the book(s), in which case, your invoice will be cancelled upon receipt of the book(s). Call us for a prepaid UPS label for your return. It’s as simple and easy as that. Most importantly, standing orders mean you will never have to worry about the timeliness of the information you’re relying on. And, you may discontinue standing orders at any time by contacting us at 1.800.960.1220 or by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Put me on standing order at a 5% discount off list price of all future updates, in addition to any other discounts I may quality for. (Returnable within 30 days.)
Notify me when updates are available (No standing order will be created).
This Bloomberg BNA report is available on standing order, which ensures you will all receive the latest edition. This report is updated annually and we will send you the latest edition once it has been published. By signing up for standing order you will never have to worry about the timeliness of the information you need. And, you may discontinue standing orders at any time by contacting us at 1.800.372.1033, option 5, or by sending us an email to email@example.com.
Put me on standing order
Notify me when new releases are available (no standing order will be created)