Turn to the nation's most objective and informative daily environmental news resource to learn how the United States and key players around the world are responding to the environmental...
May 9 — High-level negotiations getting under way in Montreal represent a “very key moment” for how countries around the world structure an agreement curbing carbon dioxide emissions from aircraft, environmental advocates said May 9.
Major unresolved issues in the possible International Civil Aviation Organization deal include how much, or if, both developed and developing nations will be asked to slash emissions from their aircraft and whether a global agreement includes a review mechanism to revisit—and possibly strengthen—it in the future, the groups said.
“This is one of the first times where we will see the negotiating lines begin to harden between and among the different countries,” Annie Petsonk, international counsel for the Environmental Defense Fund, told reporters. “People have been very careful in not presenting their fully developed positions until now.”
Aircraft account for approximately two percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, but are among the fastest growing sources, according to the Obama administration. If implemented, the draft ICAO standards are estimated to prevent 650 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions by 2040.
In February, a committee within ICAO recommended adoption of what would be the first standards requiring airline manufacturers curb carbon dioxide emissions from aircraft. If adopted, the standard would apply to new aircraft type designs starting in 2020 and new deliveries of currently in-production aircraft types starting in 2023 (25 ECR, 2/8/16).
Discussions of that draft market-based measure for addressing emissions will run from May 11 through May 13. Negotiators will then make recommendations to the ICAO general assembly, which plans to meet to discuss the standards during its Sept. 27-Oct. 7 meeting.
The international efforts come as the U.S. appears poised to take the first step domestically toward regulating airline emissions. The Environmental Protection Agency sent a final endangerment finding (RIN:2060-AS31) to the White House May 5 for review that is expected to conclude industry emissions pose a risk to human health and the environment (88 ECR, 5/6/16).
A key priority for environmental advocates moving forward is ensuring countries do not weaken the standards as they strive to reach an agreement, Andrew Murphy, aviation and shipping officer for Transport & Environment, said.
Advocates continue to believe the standards are not as ambitious as they could be. They pointed to language in the draft agreement that they said could exempt up to 40 percent of emissions.
“This is a major event and all countries will basically be participating,” Brad Schallert, program officer on international climate with the World Wildlife Fund, said. “This is a very key moment right now.”
As in broader international climate change talks, a key question for negotiators to resolve is how to handle the principle of “common but differentiated” responsibilities. That principle, first outlined in the 1992 parent treaty to international United Nations climate negotiations, suggests action on climate change should be commensurate with what a nation can afford or achieve technologically.
Despite the fact that the 2015 Paris Agreement “broke through that wall,” Petsonk said she fully expects some countries will assert the emissions cuts should apply to developed nations but not developing ones at the upcoming Montreal talks.
To contact the reporter on this story: Anthony Adragna in Washington at firstname.lastname@example.org
To contact the editor responsible for this story: Larry Pearl at email@example.com
All Bloomberg BNA treatises are available on standing order, which ensures you will always receive the most current edition of the book or supplement of the title you have ordered from Bloomberg BNA’s book division. As soon as a new supplement or edition is published (usually annually) for a title you’ve previously purchased and requested to be placed on standing order, we’ll ship it to you to review for 30 days without any obligation. During this period, you can either (a) honor the invoice and receive a 5% discount (in addition to any other discounts you may qualify for) off the then-current price of the update, plus shipping and handling or (b) return the book(s), in which case, your invoice will be cancelled upon receipt of the book(s). Call us for a prepaid UPS label for your return. It’s as simple and easy as that. Most importantly, standing orders mean you will never have to worry about the timeliness of the information you’re relying on. And, you may discontinue standing orders at any time by contacting us at 1.800.960.1220 or by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Put me on standing order at a 5% discount off list price of all future updates, in addition to any other discounts I may quality for. (Returnable within 30 days.)
Notify me when updates are available (No standing order will be created).
This Bloomberg BNA report is available on standing order, which ensures you will all receive the latest edition. This report is updated annually and we will send you the latest edition once it has been published. By signing up for standing order you will never have to worry about the timeliness of the information you need. And, you may discontinue standing orders at any time by contacting us at 1.800.372.1033, option 5, or by sending us an email to email@example.com.
Put me on standing order
Notify me when new releases are available (no standing order will be created)