Participant Diversification Requirement


 Employers are being inundated with a press of new guidance issued by government agencies on many new employee benefit requirements with which the failure to comply can result in some fairly stiff penalties. Guidance such as that issued by Treasury at the beginning of this month on section 901 of the Pension Protection Act of 2006 (the Act) which establishes participant diversification rights for publicly traded employer securities held in defined contribution retirement plans (other than certain ESOPs). While the guidance is certainly welcomed because it fills some "need to know" gaps in the short run, the Notice raises some immediate significant areas of concern for employers.

The Act establishes as a new plan qualification requirement (new Code section 401(a)(35)) for investment diversification applicable to publicly traded employer securities held by defined contribution plans and certain ESOPs. IRS Notice 2006-107, provides guidance on the new Act diversification rules, one of which requires 30 days advance notice to participants before the first day that participants are eligible to direct diversification of their accounts out of employer securities. The Notice provides employers with some breathing space and advises employers that the new participant notice requirement can be satisfied as late as January 1, 2007, for calendar year plans. This still means, however, that employers have to figure out who must get the notice and what the notice should say and send it by year end.

One issue is whether employers that already allow participants to diversify out of employer stock (i.e., their plans already contain full diversification rights), have to advise participants by January 1, 2007, of their right to do so, which likely would be duplicative especially if the information already is contained in an SPD). The Notice contains a model notice (requiring customization), but the IRS has requested comments on ways to improve the model notice.

While the reason for the new statutory provision is to ensure that participants in defined contribution plans (sponsored by publicly traded employers) receive diversification rights where the employer's plan invests in comapny stock, has a company stock fund or matches employee contributions with company stock, as a result of ENRON and the spate of litigation that followed in its wake, many employers already have modified their plans to allow employees to diversify out of employer stock. What is hitting many employers who have already provided for diversification out of employer stock in their defined contribution plans is how to comply with these notice requirements. Does it make sense for an employer to send out 50,000 notices to employees in its 401(k) plan by the end of the year telling them about a right they already have (and presumably already know about)?

Some government representatives at Treasury and the IRS have pointed to an alternative purpose of the employee notice -- to educate employees concerning the importance of diversifying their investments. When asked whether an employer needs to send notices (by year end) to employees in plans that already contain the required diversification, these representatives have suggested that notices may still be required.

Should publicly traded employers with defined contribution plans holding company stock send out notices before the end of the year even if their defined contribution plans satisfy the diversification requirements of the statute? Although some practitioners think this is absurd, this practitioner thinks it is better to be safe than sorry. Any thoughts?