Pregnancy Discrimination Act: A Guide for Plaintiff Employment Lawyers

This unique treatise gives plaintiff lawyers the strategies and guidance they need to represent clients in Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) cases. It includes extensive analysis of case law that is favorable to defendants and covers topics including: related Supreme Court Cases, scope of applicability of the PDA, and much more.


Price: $295 Book



Pregnancy discrimination litigation has seen a sharp increase in recent years, and pregnancy-related cases now make up a growing portion of the case load of plaintiff employment lawyers. The Pregnancy Discrimination Act: A Guide for Plaintiff Employment Lawyers provides the unique strategies and guidance on pregnancy discrimination litigation that plaintiff lawyers require in order to effectively represent their clients in PDA cases. The book also contains extensive analysis regarding case law that is favorable to defendants, making it a useful source of information for management lawyers in advising their clients and litigating cases.

This treatise covers essential topics including: Supreme Court Cases related to pregnancy discrimination; cases regarding whether a condition is sufficiently related to pregnancy that the PDA is applicable; circumstantial proof of pregnancy discrimination including proximity in time; proof of knowledge of pregnancy; discriminatory comments and stereotypes related to family caregiver responsibilities; the requirement of PDA plaintiffs to compare themselves to nonpregnant, temporarily disabled employees and the numerous exceptions to the requirement to use comparator evidence; and unique aspects of comparators in PDA cases.

Practitioners also will find information on light duty policies and comparisons to non-pregnant employees with work related injuries; accommodation of pregnant workers under the PDA and other statutes such as the Family and Medical Leave Act and the Americans With Disabilities Act for pregnancy-related disorders; female decision makers; discrimination based on the unwed status of pregnant employees; issues regarding jury instructions and jury selection in PDA cases; state law pregnancy discrimination claims; and damages issues in Pregnancy Discrimination Act cases.


  • Who is Protected by the PDA?
  • Related Supreme Court Decisions
  • Temporal Proximity
  • Direct Evidence, Discriminatory Comments, and Stereotype Evidence
  • Knowledge of Pregnancy
  • Maternity Leave, Pregnancy-Related Absenteeism, and Comparator Evidence
  • Accommodation Under the PDA
  • Related Federal Statutes
  • State Law
  • Unwed Pregnant Employees
  • Female Decision Makers
  • Juries and Pregnancy Discrimination Cases
  • Special Damages Issues
  • Appendices (Excerpts from Title VII, ADA, FMLA, FLSA, and EEOC Regulations)


Bloomberg BNA authors and editors are practicing professionals with insider perspectives and real-life experience. Learn more about this book’s authors and editors.
P. Daniel Williams, Esq., is one of the founding partners of Magid & Williams, PA, in Jacksonville, FL.The firm limits its practice to the area of labor and employment law, representing mostly employees.


View full tables of contents and read the book’s preface or introduction.