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Aug. 27—Recent Russian legislation and regulation has addressed the issues of naturalization of foreign workers, penalties for failure to comply with laws governing the employment of foreign nationals and the registration of employer unions.
On July 27, the Russian Labor Ministry released Order No. 446/n listing 74 positions that make skilled foreign workers employed in the Russian Federation eligible for the country's simplified naturalization procedures. The medical profession topped the list with 20 positions made eligible followed by engineering jobs in sectors ranging from oil and gas, construction and electric power to supervisory matters and data protection (15 positions). Executive jobs such as chief economics officer and chief engineering officer/project manager were also included on the list, as were skilled worker jobs such as mechanic/installer, tool-maker and industrial electrician.
Under Federal Migration Service Order No. 159, issued in June, employers that fail to meet legal requirements governing the employment of foreign workers—failure to enter into appropriate labor contracts with skilled foreign employees, for example, or using forged documents in the hiring process—can face a two-year ban on hiring skilled foreign workers.
In July, Decree No. 681 approved new rules requiring the registration of employers' unions with the Federal Labor and Employment Service. Employers' unions must submit applications to the FLES and disclose the full names and addresses, tax ID and state registration numbers, and e-mail addresses and telephone numbers of member employers. This information will be open to public inspection. Registration procedures are free of charge. Under Decree No. 92 issued in 2014, employers' unions can participate in monitoring and forecasting demand for skilled workers, in drafting professional and educational standards, and in drafting workforce development policies.
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Order No. 446/n is available at http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/GetFile/0001201507270001?type=pdf, Decree No. 681 at http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/GetFile/0001201507090012?type=pdf, Order No. 159 at http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/GetFile/0001201506100053?type=pdf, Decree No. 92 at http://www.rg.ru/2014/02/13/kadry-site-dok.html, all in Russian.
For more information on Russian HR law and regulation, see the Russia primer.
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