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By Ted Hiser and Chuck Ragan
The authors are Senior Counsel and Of Counsel, respectively, with Redgrave LLP, original participants in WG1, and members of the Editorial Style Committee for the Third Edition.
The Sedona Conference® Working Group on Electronic Document Retention and Production (WG1) this week released for public comment the Third Edition of its marquee publication, The Sedona Principles: Best Practices Recommendations & Principles for Addressing Electronic Document Production (the Principles). A copy may be downloaded at https://thesedonaconference.org/.
Since the Principles were last revised in 2007, technology has revolutionized the way we live, and how organizations operate—all of which impacts what information (and now principally electronically stored information, or ESI) is available for the resolution of disputes in litigation or otherwise. These often startling technological advances include virtual explosions of social media, mobile applications, cloud computing, big data, and data storage, all of which have added, nearly exponentially, to both the sources and volume of digital data. All litigants—large Fortune 500 companies, emerging companies, government agencies, non-profits, and individuals—and their legal counsel confront and must manage the distinct and subtle challenges presented by these developments. Moreover, since 2012, ABA rules of professional conduct have decreed that counsel’s duty of competence extends to keeping abreast of changes in the law and practice, including the benefits and risks associated with relevant technology. In that context, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure that address ESI were yet again amended effective December 1, 2015. No doubt, the time was ripe for re-visiting The Sedona Principles.
The Third Edition of The Sedona Principles takes into account these developments, as well as the teachings of significant Sedona Conference publications during the same time period, including the Sedona Cooperation Proclamation and related guidance, and Commentaries on legal holds, proportionality, protecting privileges and personal privacy, information governance, and managing large scale litigation through processes, methodologies, and technologies. Having observed firsthand the rigor and care invested in the development of the Third Edition, the authors believe it will be an invaluable resource for all who must address the legal and practical issues and potential risks of electronic discovery.
By way of background, The Sedona Conference is a non-profit think tank whose mission is “moving the law forward in a reasoned and just way.” WG1 is a group of attorneys and other professionals experienced with ESI issues in litigation. It first met in October 2002 in an effort to develop guidance on how ESI – with very different features and characteristics from traditional paper information – could be managed effectively in litigation. An original set of core principles and recommendations, labeled The Sedona Principles, emerged for public comment in March 2003, and was published in final form in January 2004. A Second Edition, following the original ESI amendments to the federal rules, was published in June 2007. Over the years, the Principles have been cited frequently by federal and state courts, agencies, scholars, and lawyers.
Like its predecessor editions, the main body of The Sedona Principles Third Edition is comprised of 14 high-level propositions called Principles, each supported by detailed Comments. This publication also includes a new Introduction, which addresses the relationship of the Principles to the Federal Rules, and recognizes that the Principles differ in some respects from the Rules, are intended to have application is state and federal courts, and are not simply a “restatement” of the law. The Introduction also discusses central themes that run throughout the Third Edition—proportionality and cooperation—and highlights the significant changes between the Second and Third editions. A section of the Introduction to the earlier editions, which included extremely valuable descriptions of the significant differences between ESI and paper and the challenges those differences present in discovery, is excerpted and maintained as an Appendix to the Third Edition.
A Foreword to the Third Edition describes the history of WG1, the structure of The Principles and Comments, and the extraordinary processes WG1 undertook to ensure that the Third Edition embodied the group’s best efforts to arrive at consensus on major points. A chart comparing ESI-related Federal Rules with the Principles and Comments in the Third Edition is also provided to assist navigation.
Finally, the Third Edition includes a tribute to two individuals—Richard G. Braman, Sedona’s founder and first Executive Director; and William P. Butterfield, a long-time Sedona leader, the Chair of WG1 in 2015-2016, and the pilot of efforts to complete the Third Edition until his untimely passing in December 2016.
All 14 Principles and the Comments have been reassessed and, where appropriate, updated in light of technological advances, the Rules amendments, and evolving best practices. The more significant changes are:
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