The first international climate talks of 2014 will be held March 10-14 in Bonn during which the U.S. and the European Union may clash over key issues, including the length of a future treaty and how to monitor, report and verify greenhouse gas emissions.
The talks, under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, are intended to build on progress toward reaching a new global agreement in 2015 that would go into force in 2020. To that end, countries have been submitting "official priorities" with key elements they think should be in the 2015 treaty.
As detailed in a March 3 "Energy and Climate Report" article, the EU's submission clearly states the 2015 treaty should be written to “endure well beyond 2020” and should seek to achieve the objective of keeping overall global warming to less than 2 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels by the end of the century."
The EU submission also calls for “robust rules on MRV and accounting” (language for “monitoring, reporting and verifying” greenhouse gas inventories), something the U.S. and large developing countries like China and India oppose.
In contrast, the U.S. submission lays out priorities in broad strokes, calling for each country to state goals to reduce emissions, with regular progress reports, but no overall target. Also, the U.S. submission allows for countries to report progress on reducing greenhouse gas emissions without the requirement for outside monitoring or verification.
Senate to Pull an All-Night Session on Climate Change
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